But knowing how important the start of a class is and making it priority number one at the beginning of a year. It’s the first thing you do with students every period. If you set the tone well at the beginning, they fill in the blanks and end where they expect themselves to be. People are predictors, constantly imagining how things should be. As mentioned in Steve Pavlina’s recent post, the essence of frustration is when our predictions don’t match reality. So teaching kids how things should begin is half the battle.
I’ve recognized a few things that work really well with my 6th graders:
- Having them line up outside, tell them a preview of what they will do when they come in, and making sure it’s purposeful and strictly timed does wonders for those first 5 minutes. In my class they have 4 things to do:
- Take out their HW and HW trackers (a weekly sheet that I stamp daily, with a rotating quote, and space for parent communication)
- Write down tonight’s HW in their planners (keep this short, because 6th graders are notoriously slow writers)
- Check their answers against the posted HW solutions OR Complete the Do Now OR set up a new entry in their ISN (Interactive Student Notebook)
- Review your work with your teammate, & see whether he or she is ready for class.
- If it’s a minute into class and I’m still waiting for students to take out HW trackers, I know it’s because they’re unfocused. We line back up outside, I reiterate that they weren’t meeting my expectations, and then I send them in with the assurance that they can do a better job. Some days I’ll use a timer and report their start-up time, challenging them to improve tomorrow. (Maybe I should be more consistent about this?)
- Students know the HW tracker is a big deal. They’re responsible for it for the whole week. (I print it on bright yellow paper, to tilt the odds in their favor!) If they lose the tracker, they lose credit for the HW. (Our math department’s policy is that late HW is not accepted, because the point is that it’s daily spaced practice.) The other piece is that I only grade HW on effort:
- 2 – Attempted Everything
- 1 – Partial Effort
- 0 – Little to No Effort
- I stamp every student’s tracker daily. By personally coming by and checking, I create a personal obligation. I want all of my students to do HW, I believe it’s valuable for them, and I’m disappointed when they didn’t do it. Telling them I know they can do better tomorrow and regretfully having to stamp that 0 kills me inside. But I’ve noticed that HW completion is higher than it’s ever been in my past two years.
- Finally, I have these chimes for the classroom. I hate countdowns; they feel so authoritarian. I’m not really a “clap twice if you can hear me” kind of guy; I think those sorts of calls to order often release too much energy. But the kids seem to like the soothing tone (I certainly do), and I can hit them quickly or slowly. I taught the class that my expectation is that by the time the third chime sounds, everyone is silent. I gave more space between strikes early on, to build success. Now I can hit the first two quickly and pause an instant for the third chime, until the room is silent. They always see themselves quieting just in time, and then I compliment them and move on quickly.
- As a side note, my first year I borrowed something from the 7th grade teacher. She would whisper “Good morning, class” And they would whisper back, “Math is life.” Then she would speak it loudly and they would echo in turn. I tried to do that with my classroom motto, “Strength in Numbers,” but I didn’t pull it off as well with my 8th graders.
So that’s the start of my class. Then we’re off into the day’s lesson. And each day keeps getting better!
Next post, I’ll talk about the management strategies I’ve found successful during class.